there is no box
As the great scientific thinker Thomas Kuhn taught us, there are 3 stages of scientific development:
- prescience: at this stage there is no central paradigm, or at least a paradigm that is conscious or articulated or agreed upon.
- normal science: at this stage there is a well-developed central paradigm, and the energy this creates in the scientific research community is dynamic and productive.
- revolutionary science: at this stage it is realized that the central paradigm no longer holds, that discoveries made do not agree with the central paradigm, which creates a crisis from which must emerge a new and more appropriate paradigm.